The type of roof
The roof is an essential part of architecture of the House. It gives lines, creates or removes compactness, gives an aspect contemporary or traditional, is more or less well accepted by the municipalities (PLU). Let's look at the different types of roof here in detail:
The roof terrace
Very present in the modern architecture and contemporary, the roof terrace is a roof with zero (0%) or very low (up to 5%) slope. Can be in wood structure(Very low slope wooden beams),metal structure or in concrete(slab or pre-slab floor for example), it is then covered with a sealing. The sealing can be done by membrane (EPDM or PVC) covered or not with gravel, by bitumen waterproofing, or by means of vegetation.
If the leaks were common on the first roof terraces, they are much weaker today. On the other hand, the risk is still there (more strongly than on other types of roof)
The roof terrace can be without overhang(in this case, be careful not to give a solid appearance to the construction and sagging) or with overhang(making it possible to protect the facade like a traditional roof. In all cases, the acroterion (wall at the end of the roof) will be covered with a cover (aluminum part) protecting the waterproofing return and the wall from sagging.
If some cities are reluctant to accept the roof terraces on building permit authorization applications ; they can no longer refuse them since the establishment of the French Grenelle II provided they are vegetated.
The zinc roof
Very contemporary, this type of roof admits slopes very diverse: from very low slope(5%) up to a very steep slope (no limit) which gives freedom to architectural creation. It can be easily implemented if one wishesmonopentes on a low slope, for example. It can be combined with roof terraces.
Zinc is either natural(gray), or colored (pre-weathered).
It is very resistant over time. Thanks to its crimps, it is the type of roof that will have the less risk of leakage.
Be careful, some municipalities refuse it (carefully study the Local Urban Plan) ...
It will be possible to dress the fascia board and the underside in zinc as well.
The tiled roof
Often recommended by town planning regulations, this type of roof admits several average slopes (depending on the region, wind, rain ...). Can give a more aspect traditional, its shape can be worked to obtain a writing contemporary.
The framewho supports him most of the time drink: either farmhouses(frame not visible), or traditional(visible frame).
It is necessary to plan to dress the shoreline planks and the undersides: Wood, aluminum, PVC, zinc
One rain barrier is often recommended by architects to avoid leaks (especially in the event of snow). It has a certain cost but makes the roof more durable.
The tiles can be flat or curved depending on the region. It exists in many colors (pink, orange, red, brown, black, etc.)
The slate roof
Often recommended in the municipalities of Mountain or those where the rate of rain is more important, the slate roof gives a verychicto homes. Indeed, associated with a significant slope, it easily resists snow and rain. Leaks are almost non-existent here.
As for the tiled roof, it is necessary to plan to dress the shoreline planks and the undersides : Wood, aluminum, PVC, zinc.
Slate is dark. The roof can therefore heat more easily in summer.
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